Perming is a hair styling process to get ‘permanent’ curly hair. It involves using heat and chemicals that break and re-form the hair structure deep within. Are you considering a perm for your hair too? Then, it is best to educate yourself about the procedure before you go for it.
Are you eligible for a perm?
- First, make an honest hair check. If your hair is dry and damaged, perms are not for you. Your hair needs to be in a good condition for healthy curls. Since the chemicals used to curl hair can further weaken the hair, it is best if you give your hair some time to regain its health before any treatment.
- Perms for short hair are not recommended either. Short hair and layered hair can end up looking unruly and unmanageable after a perm.
- If you have dyed your hair recently, then you may want to reconsider your decision to perm. Perming lightens your hair by a shade or two and with colouring, can damage your hair further.
Types of perms
There are two basic types of perms – digital or hot perms and cold perms. Here is a chart listing out the pros and cons before opting for either treatment:
|How it is done
|After initial treatment, hair is wrapped around hot curls and hooked to a device that monitors temperature
|– Natural looking curls
– Less damaging as temperature of rollers are monitored digitally
|– Long process
– More expensive
– Curls last for a shorter time
|The traditional method, hair is soaked in an alkaline compound and curled around hot rollers.
|– Lesser heat is applied
– Works on all hair types
– More affordable
|– Less natural looking till a few washes
– Requires more after care
How long do perms last?
Perms can last up to 6 months and longer if taken care of well. If you have wavy hair, your perms can last longer without much effort. But people with straight hair need extra care for a longer lasting perm.
Post perm care
- After your perm procedure, quality care is required to maintain your new style. Get a deep conditioning treatment at home with standard products to maintain healthy and shiny curls.
- Wait at least 2 to 3 days before using a shampoo & other products and give time for the curls to set in.
- Avoid dyes and other chemical treatments for at least a month.
- Follow usual curly hair care tips to retain your curls for a longer time.
A perm may also require some immediate post-procedure care, which your dermatologist will explain to you in depth.